1 edition of Reclamation of salt affected soils in Iraq found in the catalog.
Reclamation of salt affected soils in Iraq
by International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement in Wageningen
Written in English
First edition: 1963.
|Statement||J. H. Boumans ... [et al.] ; edited by P. J. Dieleman.|
|Series||Publication -- no.11|
|Contributions||Boumans, J. H., Dieleman, P. J., International Institute for Land reclamation and Improvement.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||175|
Land reclamation, the process of improving lands to make them suitable for a more intensive use. Reclamation efforts may be concerned with the improvement of rainfall-deficient areas by irrigation, the removal of detrimental constituents from salty or alkali lands, the diking and draining of tidal marshes, the smoothing and revegetation of. Integrated use of inorganic and organic amendments for reclamation of salt affected soil. Alidadi H, Parvaresh AR, Shahmansouri MR, Pourmoghadas H. Evaluation of the biosolids compost maturity in south Isfahan wastewater treatment plant.
Comparison the Efficient Reclamation of Different Inorganic Materials with Organic Amendments to Rice-Wheat Crop Sustainable Production in Salt-Affected Soils A.I. Saqib 1, K. Ahmed [email protected] 1, G. Qadir 1, M.Q. Nawaz 1, M. Rizwan 1, M.A. Zaka 1 and I.A. Warraich 1. Sodic Soil Reclamation using L-GYP. Salt contamination of soils is a serious environmental issue facing the oil and gas industry today. Sodic Soil or saltwater damage from produced water spills and leaks can completely devastate surrounding vegetation. Until recently, sodic soil reclamation has been a time consuming, ineffective and expensive.
Reclamation of sodic soils is similar to saline soil in leaching the salts out of the root zone, except that gypsum should be added to remove the sodium. The amount of gypsum required depends on the soil texture and ESP. Reclamation of these salt-affected soils is a very difficult thing and can take several years, so be patient. Saline - Sodic Soils Chapter 10 Concepts to Master • Sources of alkalinity • Carbonate equilibria • Classes of salt-affected soils –Saline, Saline-sodic, Sodic • Plant tolerance • Reclamation of salt-affected soils Introduction • Found on more than 1/2 the Earth’s arable land • Rangelands, dryland farming, and irrigated.
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Previously reclamation of salt-affected soils has been predominately achieved through the application of chemical amendments, although the costs of these chemical amendments like gypsum or pyrite. The publication of this book will place the compiled results of the research work carried out by authors and Iraqi engineers at the disposal of Reclamation of salt affected soils in Iraq book Government of Iraq, its specialists and engineers and further of all those engaged in the reclamation of salt- affected soils.
soils, especially in Iraq (p. CHAPMAN, V. 1 Salt marshes and salt deserts of the world. Leonard Hill, London, Pp. refs. With brief chapters on "Reclamation of maritime marshes", and "Reclama- tion of inland salt deserts and alkali soils".
DIE LE MAN, P. (ed.) 1 Reclamation of salt affected soils in Iraq. Reclamation and management of salt-affected soils after drainage, pp. – In: Proc. 1st Annual Western Provincial Conf. on rationalization of water and soil research and management, Cited by: Reclamation of salt affected soils by leaching is the best way of reclamation.
Continuous and intermittent leaching are two techniques of water application during the leaching process. The papers assembled here cover topics such as technological advances in soil salinity mapping and monitoring, management and reclamation of salt-affected soils, use of marginal quality water for crop production, salt-tolerance mechanisms in plants, biosaline agriculture and agroforestry, microbiological interventions for marginal soils, opportunities and challenges in using marginal waters, and soil and.
In the saline soils of the irrigated areas of the Ebro basin, sugar-beet appears to be a more suitable reclamation crop than rice. Crop rotations should be considered not only in terms of their economic return, but also in terms of the suitability of crops in connection with soil and water qualities and their effect on the salt by: Plants in salt-affected soils often have the same appearance as plants growing under moisture stress (drought) conditions although the wilting of plants is far less prevalent because the osmotic potential of the soil solution usually changes gradually and plants adjust their internal salt content sufficiently to maintain turgor and avoid wilting.
Abstract A field experiment was undertaken to study the mechanism of EM in reclamation of saline-sodic loamy soil with the application of EM in all possible forms (soaking of seeds, tons / acre composted FYM + PM, Kg / acre EM Bokashi, EM irrigations and sprays) compared with conventional method of reclamation, which generally takes years to fully reclaim such lands.
Reclamation of salt affected soils 1. Types of salt affected soils Sodic soils Saline sodic Saline soils 2. contain large amounts of water-soluble salts The salts are white, chemically neutral and include the chlorides, sulfates and sometimes nitrates of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium Saline soil 3.
A partial ponding method of leaching was recently suggested to improve the leaching efficiency by up to 85%. In this study, we tested the partial ponding method for its potential to save water and time by simulating the leaching of salts from salt‐affected profiles with various soil textures, tile‐drain depths, and soil.
ORIGIN, CLASSIFICATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF SALT-AFFECTED SOILS. Origin of salts Classification Mode of formation. Saline soils Sodic soils. Distribution.
SALINE SOILS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT. Characteristics. Measuring salinity status Salinity and plant growth. Reclamation and management. Reclamation of salt-affected soils. In the arid regions of the world, and along coastal areas subject to periodic inundation by sea water, soils may have such a high content of soluble salts that production of economic plants is not possible.
The salts found in soils are generally the chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, and sulfates of sodium, with lesser amounts of potassium, magnesium, and calcium salts. Origin,classification and distribution of salt-affected soils;saline soils and their management;sodic soils and their management;salinity problems of the dryland regions;water quality and crop production;socio-economic considerations in reclamation and management of salt-affectedsoils.
Get this from a library. Reclamation of salt affected soils in Iraq; soil hydrological and agricultural studies. [P J Dieleman; J H Boumans;]. Integrated Management of Salt Affected Soils in Agriculture is a concise guide to evaluating and addressing soil issues related to saline content.
Methods focused, the book combines agricultural and soil-based insights to efficiently remediate salt-affected soil. ha, 40% of the total irrigated areas, are salt-affected soils) Examples of salt-affected soils are: the Euphrates Valley extending as a strip from Helebia-Zalabiain the west, down to the Iraqi border in the east; strip along the Khabour river from Rasel Ainin.
The chapters in this book highlight the significant environmental and social impacts of different ameliorative techniques used to manage salt affected soils. Readers will discover new knowledge on the distribution, reactions, changes in bio-chemical properties and microbial ecology of salt affected soils through case studies exploring Indian soils.
Water requirement for reclamation of salt affected soils was determined under field conditions. It was found that a 20 to 30 cm depth of water is required to reclaim the surface 0 to 30 cm depth of soil, a 60 to 90 cm depth of water is required to reclaim the subsurface 30 to 60 cm depth of soil, and a 50 to 60 cm depth of water is required to reclaim the whole profile 0 to 60 cm depth of soil Cited by: 2.
In Saline–sodic soils reclamation involves the addition of good-quality water to remove excess soluble salts and the use of a Ca 2+ source (CaSO 4 2H 2 O or CaCl 2) to exchange Na + from the soil as a soluble salt, Na 2 SO 4.
In Saline–sodic soils a saltwater-dilution method is usually effective in reclamation. Classification of Salt-Affected Soils.
R. CHHABRA Division of Soil and Crop Management, Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, should be treated as natric and require chemical amendments for reclamation. When soils have both these ratios Cited by: IAEA-TECDOC Challenges and Opportunities for Crop Production in Dry and Saline Environments in IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL ITALY JAMAICA JAPAN JORDAN KAZAKHSTAN KENYA KOREA, REPUBLIC OF KUWAIT publication also presents existing knowledge of salt affected soils and possible ways to overcome the problem.Reclamation of salt-affected soils with amendments the soil surface might be due to the use of high EC water for irrigation (Al-Nabulsi, ).
Secondly, decrease in BD seems to be associated with the removal of Na+ and consequently decreased dispersion of soil.